Total: 147,181 sq. km
Land: 143, 151 sq. km
Water: 4,000 sq. km
29.8 million (UN, 2010)
A landlocked country, Nepal borders with the Tibet Autonomous Region of the People’s Republic of China in the north and to the east, west and south, has Indian towns as its border. Nepal accommodates eight among the ten highest peaks of the world including Mount Everest and Mount Kanchenjunga, world’s tallest and third tallest mountains, on the borders with China and India respectively.
Although Nepali is the national language of Nepal, there are over a hundred ethnic languages spoken by the people of Nepal. Most of the people who have received at least primary education can understand and speak English well.
There are basically four major seasons in Nepal, that are, i) Winter (December-February), ii) Spring (March-May), iii) Summer (June-August) and iv) Autumn (September-November). You can visit Nepal all year round.
People and religion
Before 2007 AD, Nepal was considered as the only Hindu kingdom of the world, however, the new constitution of the country recognizes it as a secular state. Nevertheless, since the medieval era, Nepal had had the co-existence of Hinduism and Buddhism and it is evidenced through the ancient art temples, chaityas and gompas that presents the wonderful and artistic blend of both of these religions. Besides that, some other religion such as Animism, Christianity, Islam, Jainism are also practiced by the people in Nepal.
Currency and foreign exchange
Nepali rupee notes come in Rs. 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 denominations and coins come in 1, 2, 5 and 10 denominations although Rs. 25 note and Rs. 10 coin are quite rare.
Only banks and authorized money exchangers are allowed to exchange foreign currencies and after the process is completed, receipts of such transactions must be obtained and retained. The foreign exchange counter at the airport could also be used by the visitors to exchange currency at arrival. The visitors other than the Indian nationals have to make the payment in foreign currency (non-Indian currency) in hotel, travel and/or trekking agencies and for air tickets.
According to UN reports, the life expectancy of men is 68 years and women is 70 years in Nepal.
1 Nepalese rupee is equal to 100 paisa.
Some of the major exports from the country are carpets, clothing, leather goods, jute goods and grains.
GNI per capita
According to World Bank’s 2010 report, the GNI per capita of Nepal is US $480.
The internet domain of Nepal is .np
International dialing code
The international dialing code for Nepal is +977.