How to prevent altitude sickness in Nepal?
Do you like to hike? Maybe you’ve hiked to a high elevationTrekking to the Everest Base Camp Trek with Gokyo lakes and gone through physical changes?
Motion sickness affects all hikers and explorers traveling to high altitudes, regardless of experience. Motion sickness also known as AMS (Acute Mountain Sickness) in the climbing community and also known as apunamiento, puna, mal de altura, mal de montaa, and mal de páramo. To prevent disease trips above 6,000 meters are only allowed.
When is altitude sickness most likely to occur ?
Altitude sickness fluid accumulates in the lungs, brain, or both. Altitude illness is unlikely but possible at intermediate altitude (1,500 to 2,500 meters above sea level). Acute altitude sickness develops after consuming at least four hours at an altitude above 2,000 meters. Ascending to heights of more than 2,500 meters can cause a variety of symptoms, including headache and vomiting.
There are three types of Altitude sickness:
Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) type of acute mountain sickness caused by a decrease in air pressure. The availability of low oxygen levels while hiking to a higher altitude. It appears to be harmless, but if neglected, it might get worse and endanger the victim’s life.
High altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) believed to happen when AMS increases because blood vessels in the lungs restrict, increasing pressure, causing water to escape from the blood vessels into the lung tissues and eventually into the air bags. Most common cause of altitude sickness-related mortality and can be deadly.
High altitude cerebral edema (HACE) This is a dangerous accumulation of fluid in the lungs. It is a root cause of all other mild and severe symptoms, and it is frequently accompanied by a mild fever. By far the most effective treatment is oxygen at 4 liters per minute, but PAC (portable altitude chamber) bag treatment is an acceptable substitute. If there is no PAC bag or oxygen, descent will save your life. HAPE can quickly cause unconsciousness and death.